Tom Britton

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This page was last updated June 5, 2017

(inverse chronological order)

M4. Diekmann O., Heesterbeek, J.A.P. and Britton, T. (2013). Mathematical tools for understanding infectious disease dynamics. Princeton UP.

M3. Britton T. and Alm S E. (2008 + new print 2012): Stokastik (in Swedish, 544 pp). Liber.

M2. Britton T. and Garmo H. (2002): Sannolikhetslära och statistik för lärare (in Swedish, 398 pp). Studentlitteratur, Lund.

M1. Andersson H. and Britton T. (2000): Stochastic epidemic models and their statistical analysis. Springer Lecture Notes in Statistics, 151. Springer-Verlag, New York.


SUBMITTED TO REFEREED JOURNALS (inverse chronological order)

Britton, T, Deijfen, M and Lopes, F. (2017). A spatial epidemic model with site contamination. Submitted. Arxiv. Technical report.

Ouedraogo, D. and Britton, T. (2017). SEIRS epidemics in growing populations. Submitted. Arxiv. Technical report.



J81. Traoré, A. and Britton, T. (2017). A stochastic vector-borne epidemic model: quasi-stationarity and extinction.  Math. Biosci. 289: 89-95.

J80. Giardina, F., Romero-Severson E.O., Albert J.,  Britton T., and  Leitner T.K. (2017). Inference of transmission network structure from HIV phylogenetic trees. PLoS Comp Biol. 13:e1005316.

J79. Britton T., Juher, D. and Saldana, J. (2016): A network model with preventive rewiring: comparative analysis of the initial phase. Bull Math Biol. 78:2427-2454. ArXiv pdf. Technical report.

J78. Ball F.G., Britton T., Trapman P. (2017): An epidemic in a dynamic population with importation of infectives. Ann. Appl. Prob. 27:242-274. ArXiv pdf. Technical report.

J77. E. Kenah, T. Britton, M. E. Halloran, and I. M. Longini, Jr. (2016). Molecular infectious disease epidemiology: Survival analysis and algorithms linking phylogenies to transmission trees. PLoS Computational Biology 12(4): e1004869ArXiv pdf.

J76. Trapman P., Ball F., Dhersin J-S, Tran V. C., Wallinga J. and Britton, T. inferring R_0 in emerging epidemics - the effect of common population structure is small. J. of Roy. Soc Interface., 13:20160288.

J75. Britton, S. and Britton, T. (2016): Ebola - få smittade men många drabbade (in Swedish). Läkartidningen 2016;113:DUWX

J74. Spricer K. and Britton, T.: The configuration model for partially directed graphs. (2015) J. Stat. Phys. 161:965-985. ArXiv pdf.

J73. J. Malmros, N. Masuda & T. Britton (2016): Random Walks on Directed Networks: Inference and Respondent-driven Sampling. J. Official Statistics, 32:433-459. ArXiv pdf. Technical report.

J72 Britton, T. and Giardina, F. (2016): Introduction to statistical inference for infectious diseases. Journal de la Société Francaise de Statistique (special invited issue on inference for infectious diseases). 157:53-70. ArXiv pdf. Technical report.

J71 Malmros, J., Liljeros F. and Britton, T. (2015): Respondent driven sampling and an unusual epidemic.  J. Appl. Prob. 53:518-530. ArXiv pdf. Technical report.

J70 L. Matrajt, T. Britton, M. E. Halloran and I.M. Longini Jr. (2015). One versus two doses: what is the best use of vaccine in an influenza pandemic? Epidemics, 13: 17-27.

J69 Y Yang, E Kenah, L Fang, Y Zhang, E Halloran, M Ma, S Liang, T Britton, D Chao, K Liu, X Li, W Cao, Z Feng, I Longini. (2015). Household transmissibility of Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus, China, February to May 2013 and October 2013 to March 2014. Eurosurveillance, 20(10): 21056. Available online:

J68 Ball, F.G., Britton, T and Neal, P. (2016). On expected durations of birth-death processes, with applications to branching processes and SIS-epidemics. J. Appl. Prob53:203-215. ArXiv pdf.

J67 F.G. Ball; T. Britton; T. House; V. Isham; D. Mollison; L. Pellis; G. Scalia-Tomba. (2015). Seven challenges for metapopulation models of epidemics, including households models. Epidemics, 10: 63-67.

J66 T. Britton, T. House, A.L. Lloyd, D. Mollison, S. Riley and P.Trapman. (2015). Eight challenges for stochastic epidemic models involving global transmission. To appear in Epidemics, 10: 54-57.

J65 T. Britton and P. Trapman: Stochastic epidemics in growing populations. (2014) Bull Math Biol. 76:985-996. ArXiv pdf. Technical report.

J64. J.E. Björnberg, T. Britton, E.I. Broman and E. Nathan (2014): A stochastic model for virus growth in a cell population. J. Appl. Prob, 51: 599-612.

J63. T. Britton and P. Trapman (2014): Inferring global network properties from egocentric data with applications to epidemics. Math. Med. Biol. 32: 101-114. ArXiv pdf. Technical report

J62. X. Lu; J. Malmros; F. Liljeros; T. Britton (2013): Respondent-driven Sampling on Directed Networks. Electr. J. Stat.  7: 292-322.

J61. F. Ball, T Britton and Dave Sirl. (2013) A network with tunable clustering, degree correlation and degree distribution, and an epidemic thereon. J. Math. Biol. 66:979-1019. ArXiv pdf, Technical report.

J60 T. Britton and P. Trapman: Maximizing the size of the giant. (2012). J. Appl. Prob.  49:1156-1165. ArXiv pdf.

J59 T. Britton and D. Lindenstrand: Inhomogeneous epidemics on weighted networks. (2012).  Math. Biosci. 240:124-131. ArXiv pdf.

J58 T. Britton, M. Deijfen and F. Liljeros. (2011): A weighted configuration model and inhomogeneous epidemics. J. Stat. Phys. 145:1368-1384. ArXiv pdf.

J57. T. Britton, M. Lindholm and T. Turova. (2011). A dynamic network in a dynamic population: asymptotic properties.  J. Appl. Prob. 48: 1163-1178.   ArXiv pdf.

J56. S. Höhna, T. Stadler, F. Ronquist & T. Britton. (2011). Inferring speciation and extinction rates under different species sampling schemes. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 28:2577-2589.

J55. X. Lu, L. Bengtsson, T. Britton, M. Camitz, B Kim, A. Thorson &  F Liljeros. (2012): The sensitivity of respondent-driven sampling method. J. Roy. Stat. Soc, Ser A. 175: 191–216.

J54. Britton, T. Kypraios T. and O'Neill P.D. (2011), Statistical models for epidemic models with three levels of mixing. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics. 38:578-599.  ArXiv pdf.

J53. Linder, M., Britton, T., Sennblad, B.: Evaluation of Bayesian Models of Substitution Rate Evolution -- Parental guidance vs. Mutual Independence. (2011). Systematic Biology, 60: 1-14.

J52. Ball, F., Britton, T. and Sirl, D. (2011). Household epidemic models with varying infection response. J. Math. Biol. 63:309-337. pdf

J51. Britton, T. and Lindholm, M.: Dynamic random networks in dynamic populations. (2010) J. Stat. Phys. 139: 518-535.  preprint

J50. Britton, T.: Stochastic epidemic models: a survey. (2010) Math. Biosci, 225, 24-35. Pdf. ArXiv pdf. The paper conntains an error, see Errata.

J49. Britton, T and Neal, P.: The time to extinction for an SIS-household-epidemic model. (2010)  J. Math. Biol., 61, 763-769. ArXiv pdf.

J48. Arner, E., Westermark, P.O., Spalding, K.L., Britton, T, Dahlman, I., Jiao, H., Wahrenberg, H., Leijonhufvud, B-M., Hertel, K.,  Löfgren, P., Frisén, J.,  Bernard, S., Arner, P. (2010): Adipose Tissue Cellularity Determines a Cardiovascular Risk Profile Which Is Independent of Obesity. Diabetes., 59(1), 105-9.

J47. Britton, T. and Lindenstrand, D. (2009): Epidemic modelling: aspects where stochasticity matters. Math. Biosci., 22, 109-116. ArXiv pdf.

J46. Britton, T. and Lindholm, M. (2009): The early stage behaviour of a stochastic SIR epidemic with term-time forcing.  J. Appl. Prob., 46, 975-992. pdf. The paper contains an error which is published as Errata in the same journal: (2015: 52:1202-1203).

J45. Nyimvua S., Andersson M., Svensson Å. and Britton T. (2009): Modelling household epidemics and early stage vaccination. Biometrical Journal, 51, 408-419. Pdf.

J44. Ball F.G. and Britton, T. (2009): An epidemic model with infector and exposure dependent severity. Math. Biosci., 218, 105-120. Pdf.

J43. Nyimvua S., Andersson M., Svensson Å. and Britton T. (2009): Networks and early stage vaccination: the effects of infectious and vaccination delay periods and their randomness. East Afr. J. of Stat., 3, 7-12. Pdf.

J42. Nyimvua S., Andersson M., Svensson Å. and  Britton T. (2008): Networks, epidemics and vaccination through contact tracing. Math. Biosci., 216, 1-8. Pdf.

J41. Rydén M., Agustsson T., Laurencikiene J., Britton, T.,  Sjölin, E., Isaksson, B.,  Permert J., Arner P. (2008): No Major Role for Adipose Tissue Inflammation, Fat Cell Death or Reduced Lipogenesis in Cancer Cachexia. Cancer, 113, 1695-1704.

J40. Britton T., Deijfen, M., Lindholm, M. and Nordvall Lagerås, A. (2008): Epidemics on random graphs with tunable clustering.  J. Appl. Prob., 45, 743-756. ArXiv pdf.

J39. Spalding K., Arner E., Westermark P., Bernard S., Bergman O., Buchholz B.A., Blomqvist L., Hoffstedt J., Näslund E., Britton T., Concha H., Hassan M., Rydén M., Frisén J., Arner P. (2008): Dynamics of fat cells turnover in humans. Nature, 453, 783-7 (doi:10.1038/nature06902).

J38. Svennblad, B. and Britton, T. (2007): Improving divergence time estimation in phylogenetics: more taxa vs. longer sequences. Stat. Appl. Gen. Mol. Biol., 6, Iss. 1, Article 35. Preprint.

J37.  Britton, T., Janson, S., Martin-Löf A. (2007): Graphs with specified degree distributions, simple epidemics and local vacination strategies. Adv. Appl. Prob., 39, 922-948. ArXiv pdf.

J36. Britton T., Svennblad, B., Erixon, P. and
Oxelman, B. (2007):  Bayesian support is larger than bootstrap
support in phylogenetic inference: a mathematical argument. Math. Med. Biol. doi: 10.1093/imammb/dqm008. Preprint.

J35. Ball F.G.and Britton, T. (2007): An epidemic model with infector-dependent severity.  Adv. Appl. Prob., 39, 949-972. Pdf.

J34. Britton T., Nordvik, M.K., and Liljeros, F. (2007): Modelling sexually transmitted infections: the effect of
partnership activity and number of partners on R_0Theor Pop Biol., 72, 389-399. Pdf.

J33. Britton, T., Anderson, C., Jacquet, D., Lundqvist, S. and Bremer K. (2007): Estimating divergence times in large phylogenetic trees. Systematic Biology, 56:741-752. Pdf.

J32. Lindholm, M. and Britton, T. (2007):  Endemic persistence or disease extinction: the effect of population separation into subcommunities. Theor. pop. biol., 72: 253-263. Pdf.

J31.  Ericson, P.P.G., Andersson, C.L., Britton T., Elzanowski, A., Johansson, U.S., Källersjö, M.,
Ohlson, J.I., Pahrsons, T.J., Zuccon, D., and Mayr, G. (2006): Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils.  Biology letters, 2:543-547 (+supplementary material).

J30. Britton T., Deijfen M., Martin-Löf A. (2006): Generating random graphs with prescribed degree distribution. J. Stat. Phys., 124, 1377-1397. Pdf.

J29. Svennblad B., Erixon P., Oxelman B., Britton T. (2006): Fundamental differences between maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference in phylogenetics. Systematic Biology, 55, 116-121. Pdf.

J28. Ball F.G.and Britton T. (2005): An epidemic model with exposure-dependent severities. J. Appl. Prob., 42, 932-949. Pdf.

J27. Becker N.G., Britton T. and O'Neill
P.D. (2006): Estimating vaccine effects from studies of outbreaks in household pairs. Statistics in Medicine, 25, 1079-1093. Pdf.

J26. Britton T. (2005): Estimating divergence times in phylogenetic trees without a molecular clock. Systematic Biology, 54, 500-507. Pdf.

J25. Lönnstedt I., Britton T. (2005): Hierarchical Bayes models for cDNA microarray gene expression. Biostatistics, 6, 279-291. Pdf.

J24. Ball F.G., Britton T. and Lyne O. (2004): Stochastic multitype epidemics in a community of households: estimation and form of optimal vaccination schemes. Math. Biosci., 191, 19-40. Pdf.

J23. Becker N.G.,Britton T. (2004): Estimating vaccine efficacy from small outbreaks. Biometrika, 91, 363-382. Pdf.

J22. Ronquist F., Huelsenbeck J. P., and  Britton T. (2004). Phylogenetic supertrees. Springer series in Computational Biology, vol 4, Bininda-Emonds, Olaf R.P. (Ed.). 

J21. Erixon P., Svennblad B., Britton T. and Oxelman B. (2003): The reliability of Bayesian posterior probabilities and bootstrap frequencies in phylogenetics. Systematic Biology, 52, 665-674. Pdf.

J20. Ball F.G., Britton T. and Lyne O. (2004): Stochastic multitype epidemics in a community of households: estimation of threshold parameter R_* and secure vaccination coverage.  Biometrika, 91, 345-362. Pdf.

J19. Britton T. (2004): Epidemic models, inference (1667-1671). In  Encyclopedia of Biostatistics, 2 nd ed. P. Armitage and T. Colton (eds.), Wiley, London.

J18. Becker N.G., Britton T. and O'Neill P.D. (2003): Estimating vaccine effects on transmission of infection from household outbreak data. Biometrics, 59, 467-475. Pdf.

J17. Britton, T. (2008): Pest kolera och matematik eller Vad kan matematik och statistik lära oss om smittsamma sjukdomars utbredning? (One chapter in Människor och matematik, a book popularising mathematics.)

J16. Britton, T., Oxelman B., Vinnersten A. and Bremer K. (2002): Phylogenetic dating with confidence intervals using mean path-lenghts. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 24, 58-65. Pdf.

J15. Tammi, M., Arner, E., Britton, T., Andersson, B. (2002): A method to separate nearly identical repeats using Defined Nucleotide Positions, DNPs.  Bioinformatics, 18, 379-388. Pdf.

J14. Britton T. and O'Neill P.D. (2002): Statistical inference for stochastic epidemics in populations with random social structure. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 29, 375-390. Pdf.

J13. Ball, F. G., Britton, T. and O'Neill P. D. (2002): Empty confidence sets for epidemics, branching processes and Brownian motion. Biometrika, 89, 211-224. Pdf.

J12. Britton T. (2001): Epidemics in heterogeneous communities: estimation of R_0 and secure vaccination.  J. Roy. Statist. Soc. B, 63, 705-715. Pdf.

J11. Andersson H. and Britton T. (2000): Stochastic epidemics in dynamic populations: quasi-stationarity and extinction. , 41, 559-580. Pdf.

J10. Britton T. and Becker N. G. (2000): Estimating the immunity coverage required to prevent epidemics in a community of households. Biostatistics1, 389-402. Pdf.

J9. Becker N. G. and Britton T. (2001): Design Issues for Studies of Infectious Diseases. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, 96, 41-66. Pdf.

J8. Britton, T. (1998): On critical vaccination coverage in multitype epidemics. J. Appl. Prob., 35, 1003-1006. Pdf.

J7. Becker N. G. and Britton T. (1999): Statistical studies of infectious disease incidence. (Invited paper for RSS Research Workshop on Stochastic Modelling and Statistical Data Analysis for Epidemics, held in April 97.)  J. Roy. Statist. Soc. B, 61, 287-307. Pdf.

J6. Britton T. (1998): Estimation in multitype epidemics. J. Roy. Statist. Soc. B60, 663-679. Pdf.

J5. Andersson H. and Britton T. (1998): Heterogeneity in epidemic
models and its effect on the spread of infection. J. Appl. Prob.35, 651-661. Pdf.

J4. Britton T., (1997): A test of homogeneity versus a specified heterogeneity in an
epidemic model.  Mathematical Biosciences, 141, 79-100. Pdf.

J3. Britton T., (1997): A test to detect within-family infectivity when the whole epidemic process is observed.  Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 24, 315-330. Pdf.

J2. Britton T., (1997): Tests to detect clustering of infected individuals within families. Biometrics, 53, 98-109. Pdf.

J1. Britton T., (1997): Limit theorems and tests to detect within family clustering in epidemic models.  Communications in Statistics, Theory and Methods, 26, 953-976.



S1. PATHd8 -- a program for phylogenetic dating of large trees without a molecular clock. (2006) By Britton, T.,
Anderson, C., Jacquet, D., Lundqvist, S. and Bremer K. Freely available at where also user manual and more is found.


PUBLISHED IN REFEREED PROCEEDINGS (in reverse chronological order)

P2. Britton T. (2001): A discussion on three papers relating deterministic versus stochastic modelling and analysis. (Invited discussant paper at the session ''Relation between biomathematical modelling and biostatistics''). Bulletin of International Statistical Institute, 53 rd Session proceedings, book 3, p 102-103. Seoul, Korea, August 2001.

P1. Britton, T. (1998):  Preventing epidemics in heterogeneous communities. Proceedings of XIXth International Biometric Conference, IBC98, invited papers, 109-115.


OTHER PUBLICATIONS (in reverse chronological order)
019. Wangombe A., Andersson M. and Britton T.: A stage-structured stochastic epidemic model for tick-born diseases. Submitted. Pdf.

O18. Wangombe A., Andersson M. and Britton T.: A stochastic epidemic model for tick-born diseases:
initial stages of an outbreak and endemic levels. Submitted. pdf

O17. Britton, T. (2010): Skattebetalarnas förening ljuger med statistik. (in Swedish). Word

O16. Britton, T. (2009): Smittsamma sjukdomars matematik. To appear in
Matematikersamfundets Medlemsutskicket, 2009. (in Swedish). Pdf

O15. Britton, T. (2006): Att handleda afrikanska studenter. Qvartilen, 21:1, 18-19. (in Swedish).

O14. Britton, T. (2006): Book review: An introduction to continuous-time stochastic processes: theory, models and applications in finance biology and medicine. (2005) by V. Capasso and D. Bakstein.  Math. Biosci., 199, 234-235.

O13. Britton, T. (2003): Svårt att räkna till sex.  DN, Namn och Nytt, 2003-11-23. (in Swedish).

O12. Britton, T. (2003): Henrekson missbrukar statistiken. DN-debatt, 2003-03-11. (in Swedish).

O11. Britton, T. (2002): Book review: Biometrika: one hundred years. (2001) by D M Titterington and D R Cox (eds.)  Elementa, 85:3 (a swedish mathematics journal).

O10. Britton, T. (2002): Book review: Epidemic Modelling: an introduction. (1999) by D J Daley and J Gani. Statistics in Medicine, 21, 2773-2774.

O9. Britton T. (2000): The expected value of a simple birth and death process conditioned on the future.

O8. Laurent N., Swenson U., McLoughlin S, Britton T. and Bremer K. (1998): Vicariance or dispersal - pacific biogeography of four plant groups.

O7. Andersson H. and Britton T. (1997): Fade-outs for SIR epidemics with demography and generalized infectious period. UUDM Report 1997:28. Department of Mathematics, Uppsala University.

O6. Britton T., (1996): Epidemier, kontaktstrukturer och statistik (in swedish). Qvartilen 1996(2):8-9, (Official Bulletin of The Swedish Statistical Association).

O5. Britton, T., (1996): Epidemics with Heterogeneous Mixing: Stochastic Models and Statistical Tests. PhD-thesis, Stockholm University. Consisting of a summary and first four published papers.

O4. Britton T., (1992): Aktiv inlärning och kritiskt tänkande i matematik (in Swedish). In Högre lärande?' Report 1992:2, PU-rapport (Pedagogiskt utvecklingsarbete, Stockholms Universitet).

O3. Britton T., (1992): The asymptotic distribution of a clustering index. Report No. 166. Institute of Actuarial Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics, Stockholm University.

O2. Britton T. and Sundberg R., (1990): Response surface methodology for computer experiments in radionuclide transportation studies. Technical report 90:14. Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (swedish: SKI, Statens Kärnkrafts-Inspektion). Revised and extended version of previous reference.

O1. Britton T., (1990): Response surface methodology for computer experiments in radionuclide transportation studies. Research report B:10 (Applied research). Institute of Actuarial Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics, Stockholm University. (Master Thesis)


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